The Puppet series so far has really focused on VM builds and just started to touch on software packaging. We need an appropriate place to do this work, and what better way to set that than via Puppet itself? Today, we’ll create some roles and profiles for a build server, which could be permanent and share amongst developers, spun up as needed for the team, or spun up per developer.
Build Profile and Role
The last few examples we have done with FPM were on our “production” servers. That’s less than ideal for a few reasons. You wouldn’t want to mess up the publicly available service while packaging, whether by overwriting a file, exhausting resources, or the brief outage when services restart. It is not a good idea to add compilers and development libraries to any server unnecessarily as it increases the attack surface (additional security risks, additional packages to patch, additional items for auditors to flag, etc). You also probably do not want your build servers in the same environment as your production servers (unless, as is the case in these examples, your “production” environment is your lab – so just pretend it’s a different environment). Let’s assume that we do not have a good reason to violate these best practices, so our goal is set up a dedicated build server. It will require all the software we have been using so far, and we will throw on a local user. If you have LDAP or another directory service in your lab, I would suggest using it, but this is a good example as sometimes the build network is restricted.
We have two profiles to create, then. The first is the local users. We’ll call this class ::profile::build_users, in case we create another grouping of users later. The second profile is for our build software, and we will call it ::profile::build. Here are the two class files, located at profile/manifests/users/build.pp and profile/manifests/build.pp, respectively.